Template talk:Navbox

This template allows a navigational template to be set up relatively quickly by supplying it one or more lists of links. It comes equipped with default styles that should work for most navigational templates. Changing the default styles is not recommended, but is possible. Using this template, or one of its "Navbox suite" sister templates, is highly recommended for standardization of navigational templates, and for ease of use.

Usage[edit]

Please remove the parameters that are left blank.

{{Navbox
|bodyclass  = 
|name       = {{subst:PAGENAME}}
|title      = 
|titleclass = 
|image      = 
|above      = 

|group1     = 
|list1      = 

|group2     = 
|list2      = 
 ...
|group20    = 
|list20     = 

|below      = 
}}

Parameter list[edit]

The navbox uses lowercase parameter names, as shown in the box (at right). The mandatory name and title will create a one-line box if other parameters are omitted.

Notice "group1" (etc.) is optional, as are sections named "above/below".
The basic and most common parameters are as follows (see below for the full list):

bodyclass - applies an HTML class attribute to the entire navbox.
name - the name of the template.
title - text in the title bar, such as: [[Widget stuff]].
titleclass - applies an HTML class attribute to the title bar.
state - autocollapse, uncollapsed, collapsed: the status of box expansion, where "autocollapse" hides stacked navboxes automatically.
titlestyle - a CSS style for the title-bar, such as: background:gray;
groupstyle - a CSS style for the group-cells, such as: background:#eee;
image - an optional right-side image, coded as the whole image. Typically it is purely decorative, so it should be coded as [[Image:XX.jpg|90px|link=|alt=]].
imageleft - an optional left-side image (code the same as the "image" parameter).
above - text to appear above the group/list section (could be a list of overall wikilinks).
groupn - the left-side text before list-n (if group-n omitted, list-n starts at left of box).
listn - text listing wikilinks, often separated by middot templates, such as: [[A]]{{·}} [[B]]
below - optional text to appear below the group/list section.

Further details, and complex restrictions, are explained below under section Parameter descriptions. See some alternate navbox formats under: Layout of table.

Parameter descriptions[edit]

The following is a complete list of parameters for using {{Navbox}}. In most cases, the only required parameters are name, title, and list1, though child navboxes do not even require those to be set.

Setup parameters[edit]

name
The name of the template, which is needed for the "v d e" ("view discuss edit") links to work properly on all pages where the template is used. You can enter {{subst:PAGENAME}} for this value as a shortcut. The name parameter is only mandatory if a title is specified, and the border parameter is not set.
state [autocollapse, uncollapsed, collapsed, plain, off]
  • Defaults to autocollapse. A navbox with autocollapse will start out collapsed if there are two or more tables on the same page that use other collapsible tables. Otherwise, the navbox will be expanded. For the technically minded, see MediaWiki:Common.js.
  • If set to collapsed, the navbox will always start out in a collapsed state.
  • If set to plain, the navbox will always be expanded with no [hide] link on the right, and the title will remain centered (by using padding to offset the v • d • e links).
  • If set to off, the navbox will always be expanded with no [hide] link on the right, but no padding will be used to keep the title centered. This is for advanced use only; the "plain" option should suffice for most applications where the [show]/[hide] button needs to be hidden.
  • If set to anything other than autocollapse, collapsed, plain, or off (such as "uncollapsed"), the navbox will always start out in an expanded state, but have the "hide" button.
To show the box when standalone (non-included) but then auto-hide contents when in an article, put "uncollapsed" inside <noinclude> tags:
  • state = <noinclude>uncollapsed</noinclude>
  • That setting will force the box visible when standalone (even when followed by other boxes), displaying "[hide]" but then auto-collapse the box when stacked inside an article.
Often times, editors will want a default initial state for a navbox, which may be overridden in an article. Here is the trick to do this:
  • In your intermediate template, create a parameter also named "state" as a pass-through like this:
  • | state = {{{state<includeonly>|your_desired_initial_state</includeonly>}}}
  • The <includeonly>| will make the template expanded when viewing the template page by itself.
navbar
Defaults to Tnavbar. If set to plain, the v • d • e links on the left side of the titlebar will not be displayed, and padding will be automatically used to keep the title centered. Use off to remove the v • d • e links, but not apply padding (this is for advanced use only; the "plain" option should suffice for most applications where a navbar is not desired). Note that it is highly recommended that one does not hide the navbar, in order to make it easier for users to edit the template, and to keep a standard style across pages.
border
See section below on using navboxes within one another for examples and a more complete description. If set to child or subgroup, then the navbox can be used as a borderless child that fits snuggly in another navbox. The border is hidden and there is no padding on the sides of the table, so it fits into the list area of its parent navbox. If set to none, then the border is hidden and padding is removed, and the navbox may be used as a child of another container (do not use the none option inside of another navbox; similarly, only use the child/subgroup option inside of another navbox). If set to anything else (default), then a regular navbox is displayed with a 1px border. An alternate way to specify the border to be a subgroup style is like this (i.e. use the first unnamed parameter instead of the named border parameter):
{{Navbox|child
...
}}

Cells[edit]

title
Text that appears centered in the top row of the table. It is usually the template's topic, i.e. a succinct description of the body contents. This should be a single line, but if a second line is needed, use {{-}} to ensure proper centering. This parameter is technically not mandatory, but using {{Navbox}} is rather pointless without a title.
groupn
(i.e. group1, group2, etc.) If specified, text appears in a header cell displayed to the left of listn. If omitted, listn uses the full width of the table.
listn
(i.e. list1, list2, etc.) The body of the template, usually a list of links. Format is inline, although the text can be entered on separate lines if the entire list is enclosed within <div> </div>. At least one list parameter is required; each additional list is displayed in a separate row of the table. Each listn may be preceded by a corresponding groupn parameter, if provided (see below).
image
An image to be displayed in a cell below the title and to the right of the body (the groups/lists). For the image to display properly, the list1 parameter must be specified. The image parameter accepts standard wikicode for displaying an image, e.g.:
[[Image:XX.jpg|90px|link=|alt=]]
imageleft
An image to be displayed in a cell below the title and to the left of the body (lists). For the image to display properly, the list1 parameter must be specified and no groups can be specified. It accepts the same sort of parameter that image accepts.
above
A full-width cell displayed between the titlebar and first group/list, i.e. above the template's body (groups, lists and image). In a template without an image, above behaves in the same way as the list1 parameter without the group1 parameter.
below
A full-width cell displayed below the template's body (groups, lists and image). In a template without an image, below behaves in the same way as the template's final listn parameter without a groupn parameter.

Style parameters[edit]

Styles are generally not recommended as to maintain consistency among templates and pages in Wikipedia. However, the option to modify styles is given.

style
Specifies CSS styles to apply to the template body. The parameter bodystyle also does the exact same thing and can be used in place of this style parameter. This option should be used sparingly as it can lead to visual inconsistencies. Examples:
style = background:#nnnnnn;
style = width:N [em/%/px or width:auto];
style = float:[left/right/none];
style = clear:[right/left/both/none];
basestyle
CSS styles to apply to the title, above, below, and group cells all at once. The styles are not applied to list cells. This is convenient for easily changing the basic color of the navbox without having to repeat the style specifications for the different parts of the navbox. Examples:
basestyle = background:lightskyblue;
titlestyle
CSS styles to apply to title, most often the titlebar's background color:
titlestyle = background:#nnnnnn;
titlestyle = background:name;
groupstyle
CSS styles to apply to the groupN cells. This option overrides any styles that are applied to the entire table. Examples:
groupstyle = background:#nnnnnn;
groupstyle = text-align:[left/center/right];
groupstyle = vertical-align:[top/middle/bottom];
groupnstyle
CSS styles to apply to a specific group, in addition to any styles specified by the groupstyle parameter. This parameter should only be used when absolutely necessary in order to maintain standardization and simplicity. Examples:
group3style = background:red;color:white;
liststyle
CSS styles to apply to all lists. Overruled by the oddstyle and evenstyle parameters (if specified) below. When using backgound colors in the navbox, see the note below.
listnstyle
CSS styles to apply to a specific list, in addition to any styles specified by the liststyle parameter. This parameter should only be used when absolutely necessary in order to maintain standardization and simplicity. Examples:
list5style = background:#ddddff;
listpadding
A number and unit specifying the padding in each list cell. The list cells come equipped with a default padding of 0.25em on the left and right, and 0em on the top and bottom. Due to complex technical reasons, simply setting "liststyle=padding:0.5em;" (or any other padding setting) will not work. Examples:
listpadding = 0.5em 0em; (sets 0.5em padding for the left/right, and 0em padding for the top/bottom.)
listpadding = 0em; (removes all list padding.)
oddstyle
evenstyle
Applies to odd/even list numbers. Overrules styles defined by liststyle. The default behavior is to add striped colors (white and gray) to odd/even rows, respectively, in order to improve readability. These should not be changed except in extraordinary circumstances.
evenodd [swap, even, odd, off]
If set to swap, then the automatic striping of even and odd rows is reversed. Normally, even rows get a light gray background for striping; when this parameter is used, the odd rows receive the gray striping instead of the even rows. Setting to even or odd sets all rows to have that striping color. Setting to off disables automatic row striping. This advanced parameter should only be used to fix problems when the navbox is being used as a child of another navbox and the stripes do not match up. Examples and a further description can be found in the section on child navboxes below.
abovestyle
belowstyle
CSS styles to apply to the top cell (specified via the above parameter) and bottom cell (specified via the below parameter). Typically used to set background color or text alignment:
abovestyle = background:#nnnnnn;
abovestyle = text-align:[left/center/right];
imagestyle
imageleftstyle
CSS styles to apply to the cells where the image/imageleft sits. These styles should only be used in exceptional circumstances, usually to fix width problems if the width of groups is set and the width of the image cell grows too large. Examples:
imagestyle = width:5em;
Default styles[edit]

The style settings listed here are those that editors using the navbox change most often. The other more complex style settings were left out of this list to keep it simple. Most styles are set in MediaWiki:Common.css.

bodystyle = background:#fdfdfd; width:100%; vertical-align:middle;
titlestyle = background:#ccccff; padding-left:1em; padding-right:1em; text-align:center;
abovestyle = background:#ddddff; padding-left:1em; padding-right:1em; text-align:center;
belowstyle = background:#ddddff; padding-left:1em; padding-right:1em; text-align:center;
groupstyle = background:#ddddff; padding-left:1em; padding-right:1em; text-align:right;
liststyle = background:transparent; text-align:left/center;
oddstyle = background:transparent;
evenstyle = background:#f7f7f7;

Since liststyle and oddstyle are transparent, odd lists have the color of the bodystyle, which defaults to #fdfdfd (white with a hint of gray). A list defaults to text-align:left; if it has a group, if not it defaults to text-align:center;. Since only bodystyle has a vertical-align all the others inherit its vertical-align:middle;.